用户登录  |  用户注册 首 页下载论文听力动漫常用工具苏教人教新课标高中生自考在线教案作文

网站首页 | 试题中心 | 一轮复习 | 二轮专题 | 三轮冲刺 | 在线听力 | 教育论坛 | 家长学校
动画资源 | 自考资料 | 优秀作文 | 在线教案 | 状元纪实 | 园丁风采 | 学习方法 | 高考新闻
logo
  热门标签:

当前位置:免费教育资源网听力大学英语第三册→ 大学英语精读第三册>>-Unit Eight:Daydream a Little
大学英语精读第三册>>-Unit Eight:Daydream a Little
运行环境:
听力版本
听力类型: - 大学英语 - 第三册
听力种类:
听力大小:0 Bytes
推荐星级:
更新时间:
插件情况:
解压密码:
相关Tags:
下载统计:本日:

听力简介

Text
Daydreaming has always had reputation, but now scientific research has revealed that daydreaming may actually improve your mental health and creativity. It can even help you achieve your desired goals.

Daydream a Little

Eugene Raudsepp

"Daydreaming again, Barb? You'll never amount to anything if you spend your time that way! Can't you find something useful to do?" Many youngsters have heard words like those from their parents. And until recently this hostile attitude towards daydreaming was the most common one. Daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it was considered and unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think it may be a very healthy thing to do.
Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. Once it was thought that nighttime dreams interfered with our needed rest. But then researchers tried interrupting the dreams of sleepers. They learned that sleepers who aren't allowed to dream lost the benefits of rest. They become tense and anxious. They become irritable. They have trouble concentrating. Their mental health is temporarily damaged. To feel well again, they must be allowed to dream.
Now researchers are finding that daydreaming may also be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us, is a good means of relaxation. But its benefits go beyond this. A number of psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some surprising conclusions.
Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has concluded that daydreaming contributes to intellectual growth. It also improves concentration, attention span, and the ability to get along with others, she says. In an experiment with school children, this same researcher found that daydreaming led the children to pay more attention to detail. They had more happy feelings. They worked together better. Another researcher reported that daydreaming seemed to produce improved self-control and creative abilities.
But that's only part of the story. The most remarkable thing about daydreaming may be its usefulness in shaping our future lives as we want them to be. Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming. He maintained that "you can imagine your future." Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison pictured himself as an inventor. For these notable achievers, it appears that their daydreams came true.
Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick believed that the way we picture ourselves is often the way we turn out. He offered this advice: "Hold a picture of yourself … in your mind's eye, and you will be drawn toward it. Picture yourself vividly as defeated, and that will make victory impossible. Picture yourself as winning, and that will contribute immeasurably to success. Do not picture yourself as anything, and you will drift ……"
The experiences of some athletes seem to confirm this belief. For instance, John Uelses, a former pole-vaulting champion, used daydreaming techniques before each meet. He would imagine himself winning. He would vividly picture himself clearing the bar at a certain height. He would go over all the details in his mind. He would picture the stadium and the crowds. He'd even imagine the smell of the grass and the earth. He said that this exercise of the imagination left memory traces in his mind that would later help his actual performance.
Why would a mental vision of success help produce real success? Dr. Maxwel Maltz, a surgeon and author, say this: "Your nervous system cannot tell the difference between an imagined experience and real experience. In either case it reacts automatically to information that you give it …… It reacts appropriately to what you think or imagine to be true."
He believes that purposeful daydreaming builds new "memories" in the brain. These positive memories improve a person's self-image. And self-image has an important effect on a person's action and accomplishments.
Can you use purposeful daydreaming to shape your own future? Why not try? Here is how those who believe in creative daydreaming recommend going about it. Choose a time when you can be alone and undisturbed. Close your eyes, to permit your imagination to soar more freely. Many people find that they get best results by pretending that they are sitting before a large screen. They project the desired image of themselves onto that screen.
Now picture yourself —— as vividly as possible ——the way you want to be. Remember to picture your desired goals as if you had already attained them. Go over all the details of this picture. See them clearly and sharply. Impress them strongly on your memory. The resulting memory traces will supposedly start affecting your everyday life. They will help lead you to the attainment to your goals.
Of course daydreaming is no substitute for hard work. If it's athletic achievement you want, you also have to get lots of practice in your sport. You have to work hard to develop skills. If it's school success you're after, you can't neglect studying Daydreaming alone can't turn you into your heart's desire. But in combination with the more usual methods of self-development, it might make a critical difference. It could be the difference between becoming merely good at something and becoming a champion.
If what researchers are saying is true, a life lived without fantasies and daydreams isn't as rich and rewarding as life can be. So they suggest setting aside a few minutes each day for daydreaming. By so doing, you may improve your physical and mental well-being. By taking a ten-or fifteen-minute "vacation" into the realm of imagination each day, you may add much to the excitement and enjoyment of your life. And who knows: You might see your own daydreams come true.

New words
hostile
a. unfriendly; belonging to an enemy 敌对的

view
vt. consider, regard

escape
n. & v. 逃跑;逃避

nighttime
a. occurring at night

interfere
vi. get in the way of another 干涉;妨碍

interference n.

researcher
n. advantage, profit, good effect 益处

tense
a. feeling or showing nervous anxiety 紧张的

irritable
a. easily annoyed or made angry

means
n. method or way

psychologist
n. person who has studied or is skilled in psychology 心理学家

contribute
vi. help in bringing about 贡献

growth
n. growing; development

concentration
n. concentrating or being concentrated

span
n. length of time during which sth. Continuses or works well 一段时间

self-control
n. control of one's own feelings, behavior, etc.

creative
a. having the power to create; inventive

remarkable
a. deserving attention; unusual, out of the ordinary 显著的;非凡的

shape
vt. influence and determine the course or form of 形成,塑造

industrialist
n. one owing an industry or engaged in its management

maintain
vt. state or assert as true; keep up 断言;维持

picture
vt. imagine; make a picture of

inventor
n. a person who makes up or produces sth. new

notable
a. outstanding; worthy of notice 著名的;值得注意的

achiever
n. one who achieves; winner

vividly
ad. in a lively manner 生动地;逼真的

vivid a.

immeasurably
ad. to an extent or degree too great to be measured; beyond measure

driftvi. float or be driven along by wind, waves or currents 漂(流)

athlete
n. person who is trained and skilled in physical exercises and who competes in games that need strength and speed 运动员

pole-vaulting
n. jumping with the help of a long pole held in the hand 撑竿跳

champion
n. person or team taking the first place in competition 冠军

meet
n. (AmE) gathering esp. for competitive sports

clear
vt. get past or over without touching

bar
n. 横竿;杆;条状物

stadium
n. 露天体育场

trace
n. mark showing that sb. or sth. has existed or happened 痕迹

memory trace
chemical change occurring in the brain when new information is absorbed and remembered 记忆痕(脑部吸收或记忆信息时所产生的化学变化)

vision
n. sth. seen in the mind's eye; the power of imagination 想象(力)

automatically
ad. 自动地;无意识地

automatic a.

appropriately
ad. properly, suitably

appropriate a.

purposeful
a. having a conscious purpose

self-image
n. view of oneself 自我形象

accomplishment
n. sth. completely and successfully done 成就

recommend
vt. advise or suggest; speak favorably of 建议;推荐

soar
vi. fly or go up high in the air; rise 翱翔;升腾

screen
n. white surface on which cinema films, TV programs, etc. are sown 银幕;屏幕

project
vt. cause a picture from a film or slide to fall on a surface, etc. 映,投射

goal
n. one's aim or purpose 目标

attain
vt. succeed in arriving at, esp. after effort, reach 获得;达到

attainment
n. the act of attaining; (usu. pl) sth. successfully reached or learnt, esp. a skill

substitute
n. a person or thing acting in place of another 代替者;代用品

athletic
a. having to do with active games and sports; of or concerning athletes

achievement
n. sth. successfully finished or gained 成就

after
prep. in pursuit of; in search of

neglect
vt. pay no attention to; give no or not enough care to 忽视

combination
n. joining or putting together 结合

method
n. way of doing sth.

merely
ad. only; simply

well-being
n. health and happiness; welfare 康乐;安康

vacation
n. time of rest and freedom from work of school; holiday

realm
n. area; kingdom 领域;王国

enjoyment
n. the act or fact of enjoying; pleasure; satisfaction

PHRASES & EXPRESSION
amount to
develop into; be equal to

interfere with
hinder, affect; interrupt 干扰;妨碍

contribute to
help to achieve; give help towards 有助于

get along with
have a friendly relationship with

due to
because of; cause by

come true
happen just as was wished, expected, or dreamt

go about
make a start at; undertake 着手做

PROPER NAMES
Barb
巴勃(女子名,Barbara 的昵称)

Joan T. Freyberg
琼.T.弗赖伯格

Kaiser
凯泽(姓氏)

Florence Nightingale
佛洛伦斯.南丁格尔

Fosdick
福斯迪克(姓氏)

Uelses
尤尔塞斯(姓氏)

Maxwell Maltz
马克斯韦尔.莫尔茨





下载地址(进入下载地址列表)
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →
点这里下载 →

关注我们

下载说明
* 为了达到最快的下载速度,推荐使用网际快车迅雷下载本站软件。
* 请一定升级到最新版WinRAR3.80才能正常解压本站提供的软件!
* 如果您发现下载链接错误,请点击报告错误谢谢!
* 站内提供的所有软件包含破解及注册码均是由网上搜集,若侵犯了你的版权利益,敬请来信通知我们!
最新更新
  • 人教版小学数学一年级下学期全部
  • 必修一第二章 第3节 氧化还原反应
  • 第2章 化学物质及其变化第2节 离
  • 第2章 化学物质及其变化 学案 第
  • 第3节 物质的量浓度(第3课时)导
  • 第2节 化学计量在实验中的应用(
  • 第2节 化学计量在实验中的应用(
  • 第1章 从实验学化学 学案第一节
  • 第1节 化学实验基本方法(第2课时
  • 第一章 从实验学化学 第一节 化学
  • 高一化学必修1全套精品导学案133
  • 1.2.3《物质的量浓度》
  • 1.2元素周期律(新人教版必修2)



  • 本类top12